7 ¥㡢*̨

ڣ2021-06-11 11:12:45

¥ز

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1 2 3 4

һ¥幹 *


ġ̨

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һ ¥㹹
(һ)¥ü
1.¥áءָռ䡢ˮ*֧š 2.¥ɡ㡢Ӳ㡢ṹ㡢

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()¥

1.ֽ¥
ŵ:ǿȴ󡢸ն ;Ժͻ ã ȱ㣺ش

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2.ľ¥ ľǼǽϣ ľγɵ¥塣 ŵ㣺򵥣ᡢ ܺá ȱ㣺ͻԺ;Խϲ ľ

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3.ֳİ¥ ѹ͸ְ һ𹹳ɵʽ¥ ֳİ¥֣ Ҳֽijģ ŵ㣺ǿȺ͸նȽϸߣ ᣬڼӿʩȡ ȱ㣺Ҫз ø۸ߡ

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()¥Ҫ 1.㹻ǿȺ͸ն 2.һĸ 3.һķ 4.ϷˮҪ 5.ú

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()ֽ¥
ͣʩʽΪֽʽԤװʽ װʽ 1.ֽʽ¥ ֽֽ¥ʩֳ֧ģ ʩγɵ¥ṹ ŵ㣺 ԺãӦֲĽ*棬 Ԥܵ׶Ϸ㣻 ȱ㣺 ʪҵ󣬹򷱶࣬Ҫʩ ϳӰϴ
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(1)ʽ¥
¥ֱ֧ǽ ϣΪʽ¥塣 ? С ķĽ ǽϵĽ סլ ݵȣ ߵ ȣ ? ṹײ* Եõʹþ .

ʽ¥

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Ƭǽ֧һ¥ ṹȶ

ṹȶ

һ¥

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? ʽ¥尴ͬ Ϊ˫塣

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塪̱֮ȴ2ʱL2/L1>2,Ҫ
L1򴫵ݣ

˫塪̱֮Сڵ2ʱ, L2/L12

֧е¥ĺش

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? ĺ֧й

? һ涨£
: ý¥7OmmlOOmm; ҵ¥80mmһ180mm ˫:Ϊ80mmһ160mm ? ֧гҲоĹ涨 ? ֧שʯǽϣ֧гȲС 120mm;

? ֧ڸֽʱ֧гȲС60mm
? ֧ڸݼʱ֧гȲС50mm
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(2) ʽ¥
? ϴʱ¥ ֱͨ¥ 崫ǽʹ ĿȺܴΪʹ ¥ʹ ӺʱӦ 干֧ͬŵ¥ ǣΪʽ¥.

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ɡ塣 ÿȡ58m46m 1.7 ~2.5m Ľߴ磺 Ϊȵ11418 Ϊȵ118112 ĽΪ߶ȵ l312 ĿȼΪ࣬Ŀȼࡣ

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ʽ¥
¥*Σ˫, Сһ£,γɾָ񡣰 Ŀ3.5-6mĿȿɴ3040m
ʽʽбʽ ص:¥ιۣ С߷侻ߡ ʽ

бʽ

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(3)¥
? ¥ֱ֧ϣ
? Ϊññ ֡ ?ͨΪΣ 6mңĺȲС 150mmӦȦ ص㣺¥и߶ 󣬶*ɹͨ Ϻãʩ ص㡣̵ꡢ ⡢ֿȺؽϴ

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(4)ֳİ¥
ֳİ¥ð͹ѹͱְİֽ עһ֧ڸϹ¥塣 ɡֽֽ㡢ѹ͸ֳİ塢 áռ䡢߲ýȹҵ

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ڻֳİ干 ͬ ѹֳİ ²Ӧˣ ѹ͸ֳİģ ֽ˫á
¥ ֲû ֽ貿ֹ ֽɡ¥ ԡ;ԡǿȺ նȶܺá
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2.Ԥװʽ¥
?ص:ԤƼӹʩֳԤȻ
˵ʩֳаװĸֽ¥; ? ʩеˮ*˹ڣЧ ʸ; ? ԽϲҪߵĵ˲;

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(1)Ԥư ʽԤӦͷԤӦ κʹáʵ*塢İ塢ΰ塣 (2)ʵ* ֧ǽϣһ2.4mڣԤӦ ʵ*ȿɴ2.7mСڿȵ1/30һΪ 60~100mmΪ500~900mm

ʵ**ߵ¥*̨ȴҲ 塢ǰ塢̨ȡ

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(3)ΰ ڰܱߺм(С)Ͽɿס 跽ʽ̺͵֡ðײ* ð*壬߼϶䱣 »ϡ

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(4)İ 6m6.6m7.2mΪ120300mmЧڲ 壬¥塢ȡ

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Ԥװʽա

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(5)ĸ
ó:ʱ80, ʱ120 ǽʱ100;ǽ

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(6)ę̂D¥ǽ¥֮䳣 Ӹֽệǿնȡ

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? ĵ

<60mmȣ 60120mmǽש

120200mmֽ; >200 mmѡ.
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: ? Ľӷһж˷Ͳ ? ɰϸʯ ? Vͷ졢Uͷ졢ͷ

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3.װʽ¥
òԤƹֳװֽһֽ ,佽塣Ԥƹֽ, Ϊ¥ṹ,ֻֽ֧ ֽ ֽ

ĿǰԤƱ¥塣

¥

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ڶ *
һΣ㡢Ӳ㡢㡢㡣



ϡ שɰʯ ʵ㡣

ˮ㡢²㡢ܵȡ

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? 1㣺*еı㣬װ ʹúװҪͬòϺ ͬ ? 2㣺Ϊزijز㣬һΪز ϺؽСʱԭʵ ֲ㺻ʵزϵĺؽϴʱ лשʯȡ ? 3㣺Ϊ֮㣬һ ܺʹݺصáزĵһC10 80mm~100mm ? 4Ӳ㣺ҪijЩʹҪ ֮õĹΣˮ㡢 㡢²㡢͹ܵ㡣

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ܿյ*㡪
ʵ()¢ǽ(שռ)Ȼ Ԥƿİ(ľذ)

ľդ

ľ

ľ ¢ǽ
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? ¥װιķࣺ

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(һ).

?ˮɰ桢ˮʯм ˮĥʯֽ档 ?1ˮɰ棺 ?ٵ:ֻĨһ2025mm1:2ˮɰ ?˫һ1020mm1:3ˮɰ *㣬Ĩ5101:2ˮɰ ?ŵ۵͡ʩ㡢ʹ; ?ײҡɰƤ
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(һ).

?2ˮʯм¥ ?ˮɰеĴɰ3-6mmʯм ڵṹֱ1:2ˮʯм25mm ˮұȲ0.4*ʵѹ 飬Ĩ⡣ ?ص㣺ࡢ𳾡࣬ ۵ͣǿȸߡ
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(һ).
?3ˮĥʯ

?ˮĥʯˮΪϣ벻ͬɫʡ
ͬĴʯ򻨸ʯ衢͡

ĥȹƳɵһ־һװЧ
ʯġ

?صǼ̡⻬ĥࡢ
ˮԺãȶijЩȻʯ ۱Ȼʯ͡¥װװζ

󡢱ȸԼˮҪϸߵij
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2.ϵ
?øԤƿġڻ 棬γɿĵ档 ?ճשˮששմɵש մɽשˡʯȡ ?ϲиԽϲͷǸԽϲ֡ ԽϲһΪˮɰǸԽϲһ Ϊɰϸ¯ȡ ?СȱһøԽϲ 󡢺Ⱥһ÷ǸԽ ϲ㡣
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? ͨששĵ档ש

ΪƣΪ350mm350mm30mm
ש*̣ҲԲ̣שש֮ķ ϶ϸɰ䣬ʹשש ?ש۵ʪԻù췵 ĥʶһý
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2שմɽש

?שʼӲĥˮ͸ʴ
䡢ʵҼзʴҪĵ 档ߴΪ ?100mm*100mm150mm*150mm

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3Ȼʯ
?õȻʯָʯͻʯ壬ʵؼ
Ӳɫḻߵװβϣһ ߼ݡáĴȴ ?ȽϴȻʯӦ1:41:6ˮɰ Խϲ㣬2030mmȽϱȻʯ Ӧ1:2ˮɰĸԽϲ㣬1015mm

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3.ľذ
?ľذصеԡҡ ࡢǿòĹΪͨľ 桢Ӳľƴľ֡乹 ʽпʽʵʽճʽ

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?ʵľ1013ˮɰ *㣨*ʱɲ*㣩ˢ ͺһȻ̶50*60դ 400ľ嶤ڸդϡ

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ճľ10-201:2ˮɰ*㣬Ȼ ˢͺһ2ེͿ 塣

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3.ϵ

ϩϵ
Ծϩ֬ΪҪ ϣܼϵȣ ٻϡܻѹѹ Ͷɡ

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4.Ϳϵ
ˮɰŵı洦ʽͨ ΪˮɰϸʯŵϵIJ 㣬׿ѡ𳾡۵ȡ

Ϳϵص޷졢ࡢĥ ȡ

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? ˼⣺
1¥͵*ʲôͬͲ֮ͬ 2¥ĻɼҪЩ 3ֽ¥м֣ʲôص㣿 4ֽֽ¥Щкص㣿 5*ɼʲô 6װʽֽ¥кص㣿ʲôǵ ¥壿кŵ㣿

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̨

(һ)̨ ¥Ľ˿ֱӵ⿪ *̨̨Ƕ߲㽨вȱٵ ɿռ䣬Ϊṩij̨ öԽⲿҲҪá
1̨̨͡밼̨ת̨ȡ

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2ɡ塢()֡

3̨ĽṹӦҪ

1ȫ ̨Ӧṹ㸲ҪԱ֤ ṹǫ̈̄˹Ӧ̡;ã 㹻İȫУͲ㡢סլ̨˾ Ӧ1.05и߲㡢߲סլ̨˾ ߲Ӧ1.10 2á ̨Ӧڵ20-50mmңˮ ڣӦһ¶ȺͲˮʩʹ ˮ˳
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59

60

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4.̨ṹʽ

(1) ʽ:壻
(2) ѹʽ:ǽ̨壻 (3) ʽ:¥̨壻

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ֽ̨
(1)̨뷿ڵֽֽһ¥ ̨Ŀ㸲ء

ʽ

;ء̨塪ǽ塣

(2)̨޷¥һӹȡ
ǽ塢 ¥̨ѹء

ѹʽ

ڹǽһ
̨ȶԡ
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ʽ̨ṹͼ

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ʽ̨ͼ

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ʽѹʽѡ
? ¥Ϊֽ¥ʱѡʽ һΪ 1.2m ҡ¥ *壬*۶̨*ʽ ɰԲΡΡΡбǵȸ ״ȲСȵ 1/12 ? ̨ǽֽһǽĽӦ ȦԱ̨֤ȶ̨ ˹һΪ 1.2m ңǽ 67 ѹǽڡ

(3)ʽ
? ӺǽϸZԤ̨ ֽṹZ򵥡ֱȷ ̨뷿俪һ¡ ? ΪͷZ ڵͷֿԳ̨ Լǿ̨ԡ
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(2)ء̨塪ǽ塣 (3)߶HΪ(1/5-1/6)LLΪ Ϊ(1/2--1/3)h (4)ص㣺ṹü򵥣ȷγͨ ̨

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ʽ̨ṹͼ

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ʽ̨ṹͼ

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b) ʽ

̨ṹ c) ѹʽ(ǽ) d) ʽ(¥)

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5.̨˷
(1)ãȫΧװ档
(2)ʽA.͸ʽˡԤƻˡ B.ʵʽש塢ֽ塣 C.ʽϡ ˸߶ :סլ̨ˡ1.05M,и߲1.1M,ֱ ˼಻Ӧ110MM. (3)ʽֹֽܷ֡(ѹ)

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ʽ
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(4)
ֱӺӡֱӺӡ
ֽӡֽڵĸֽ˶ ĸֽȻֽ

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(5)
̨ӷʽкӡ龽. ̨Ϊֽʱڰֽ100mm߻ˮ ̨ΪԤưʱӦ̨߳100mm ˮ˳ʣȾ档 ԤӡԤ˻򻨸 Ԥӡ Ԥ׶ӡԤ׶˻򻨸 ֽ룬ˮɰ졣

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(6)ǽ
Ԥ׶ӡǽԤ׶ֶ˲ 룬C20ϸʯ롣 Ԥ顪ǽ Ԥ飬 ֵֽĸֽ ֽ

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6.ˮʩ
(1)̨20~50mm

(2)̨0.5~1%
(3)©ˮܻˮࡣ

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̨ˮ*漰ͼ

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ˮˮ

ˮ ˮ

̨ˮ a) ˮˮ b) ˮˮ

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()
1.λ
ǽڴͶ ̨ϲڵˮ ˮʴ ˮ*

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ʽ

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? ֧зʽͬʽ ʽ֡ ? 1ʽ ? ʽȦֽһ һΪ 0. 9-1.5mȲС ȵ 1/12 ȱŶÿ߿ 250mm ˮʽɲ֯ˮ ֯ˮ֡ 250mm ĨҿĨ12ˮɰڲ5ˮ ķˮɰ15m񣬶ڴҪڡ
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ʽ

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? 2ʽ ? ʽڿȽϴڴ ӽΪʹ* ɵʽ

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̨ʽ

? ֽʽϷ

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?ҵĸֽṹ

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С:
1¥زˮ*ָݿռijع ¥Ҫ㡢¥塢ɣ¥ Ӧ㽨ʹáṹʩԼ õȷҪ 2ֽ¥ʩͬɷΪֽ ʽװʽװʽ֡װʽ¥ õİ*塢ΰ塢İ塣Ϊǿ¥ ԣӦע¥ϸ죬ֽʽ ¥ֽ¥塢ʽ¥ ¥塣װʽ¥¥͵ ʽ¥塣
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3*㡢ʵɡ 4̨Ҳˮ*Ĺ̨Ӧ 㰲ȫ̡ʵá۵Ҫ̨ ˰ʽɷΪʵˡջ ʽˡ񳣲ùʽ.
˼⣺ 1̨Щ̨ͣĽṹʽЩ 2̨Щʽкص㣿

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